Geography

Navigate your way to a great career.

Students will understand the theory inherent in the key areas of physical and human geographic study and will also be exposed to the actual real-life application.

The techniques courses collectively represent the discipline-specific skill set that geographers need to possess. As such, students will gain expertise in statistics, cartography, geographic information systems (GIS), air photo and remote sensing interpretation, and geographic research and methodological approaches. These are the tools that geographers use to analyze various geographic phenomena that are more specifically developed in physical and human courses or more broadly assessed in regional geography classes.

Every effort is made to keep the student current in terms of using modern approaches with leading technologies, but ‘tried and true’ methodologies are also demonstrated. So that students maintain a world view, regional courses are also offered for various locations including: Canada, the United States, the European Union, the Pacific Rim, Africa and Latin America. Studies of physical spatial processes (physical geography) or human distribution and interaction over space (human geography) are introduced in the first year with two introductory level systematic courses. A specific subset of physical, human and techniques courses constitute core courses in the curriculum and provide the foundation for more advanced courses. Students will normally finish their core courses throughout years two and three. With the knowledge attained via these core courses, students are ready for more advanced classes. As such, it is normal for a student to gravitate towards either a more human or physical geography emphasis and/or pursue more advanced theoretical or technique-oriented studies in their fourth year (which may also include advanced directed studies or thesis).

Academic Advisor

Dr. Stephen Meyer

Telephone: 705-675-1151 Ext. 3431

Email: smeyer@laurentian.ca

Office: P326 Parker Building

How to Apply
By land area, Greater Sudbury is the largest city in Ontario and as such, the great outdoors beckon with its vast expanse of lakes and waterways, varied terrain, forests and comprehensive network of trails.

A degree will be awarded to students who demonstrate proficiency within three geographic paradigms (physical, human and geographic technique courses), and the ability to carry out the advanced geographic study at the third (3000) and, particularly, fourth year (4000) level. Examples on the physical side include courses in geomorphology, biogeography, hydrology and climatology; whereas human geographic courses emphasize cultural/population geography, political geography, economic geography and urban geography. Geographic techniques courses include geographic information systems (GIS), remote sensing, cartography, air photo interpretation and spatial statistics.

Program Highlights:

While our faculty members are successful researchers with many publications, teaching and administering outstanding courses remains the top priority.

In addition:

  • Students have access to a computer lab with current spatial software packages and a map library.

  • Students will study not only the physical features of the land, but also the structure of cities, global economies and markets, as well as political climates and changes around the globe.

  • Students learn to understand the complexity and interrelationships between the human and natural environments.

  • Students will have opportunities to travel; previous trips have been to Ottawa, Montreal, Quebec City, Pickering and Toronto, United States, Cuba, Mexico, Dakar (Africa), China, Jamaica and so on.

 

While not everything is geography, nearly anything can be analyzed in a geographical way. Geographers analyze phenomena over space and as such are particularly skilled in seeing spatial relationships in the physical environment, the human domain and/or with respect to human-physical environmental interactions. Geographers are well equipped for the modern information age. We can contribute to the collection of ‘big data’, but more importantly we have the ability to analyze spatial datasets and make sense of trends. Whether it is gauging environmental change, comparing human health outcomes over space or making policy to improve the overall human condition, geographers are trained to make sense of patterns and assess various disparities and differences over space.

ADMISSION TO BACHELOR OF ARTS PROGRAMS

 

Ontario High School Applicants

Applicants to our Bachelor of Arts programs require the successful completion of at least six grade 12 4U/M courses with a minimum overall average of 70% and must qualify to obtain their OSSD.

Most Bachelor of Arts programs require a grade 12 4U English and five other Grade 12 4U/M courses. Programs in Computer Science and Mathematics require a grade 12 4U English, a grade 12 4U Mathematics course in Advanced Functions, one additional grade 12 4U Mathematics course, and three other Grade 12 4U/M courses. Programs in Fine Art, Music, and Theatre Arts require an audition in addition to their course requirements (refer to the supplementary application section for further details).

 

Advanced Placement

Applicants who have completed Advanced Placement courses in appropriate subjects with a grade of 4 or higher may receive transfer credit equivalent to a maximum of 12 credits. Applicants must also meet the admission requirements listed above as Advanced Placement courses are not accepted in place of the Grade 12 requirements.

 

International Baccalaureate

Applicants who have completed the International Baccalaureate are eligible for admission provided they have achieved a minimum score of 28 and have fulfilled the diploma requirements (six subjects, minimum three at the higher level). Applicants may receive transfer credits for higher level courses with grades of 5 or higher. Applicants must submit the International Baccalaureate transcript to the Office of Admissions for evaluation.

 

Canadian High School Applicants from Outside Ontario

Applicants require the successful completion of a secondary school diploma with the equivalent course requirements as Ontario applicants. Applicants from the Province of Quebec require a minimum of the first year of the Collège d’enseignement général et professionnel (CEGEP) program or grade 12 with a minimum 75% average. Applicants who have completed two or three years of a CEGEP program will be considered for admission with advanced standing.

 

High School Applicants from the United States of America

Applicants must have completed grade 12 from an accredited secondary school with a minimum overall B average and with at least four different subjects, including English.

 

Applicants from Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology

Applicants who have completed a minimum of one year of college studies with a minimum overall C average may be eligible for admission.  For students who have completed two or three year programs, Laurentian has many articulation agreements designed to enhance student mobility. If there is not an articulation agreement, Laurentian offers admission with advanced standing as indicated below. For information with respect to articulation agreements, please contact the Office of Admissions.

             

3 Year Diploma                 

                GPA = A:  48 to 54 credits* 

                GPA = B:  36 credits

                GPA = C+: 24 credits    

 

2 Year Diploma

                GPA = A:  36 to 42 credits*               

                GPA = B:  24 credits

*             Number of credits depends on the program affinity

 

Applicants from other Universities and Colleges

Applicants wishing to be considered for admission must submit official transcripts to the Office of Admissions. The transcripts received will be assessed for admissibility and possible transfer of credits.

 

Mature Students

Applicants wishing to be considered as a mature student must:

                be 21 years old or older prior to the first day of classes of the term to which they applied

                have not attended any secondary or postsecondary institution for at least two years

                submit a letter outlining the reasons for pursuing university studies

                submit a resume or CV specifying current education, interests, and work experience

                                               

Applicants from Other Countries

Applicants from other countries wishing to be considered for admission must submit official transcripts and supporting documents to the Office of Admissions. These documents should be submitted in their original language as well as an official translation into English or French.

Applicants to English language programs who have not completed at least three years of English academic study, must also present an English-language proficiency test result (TOEFL, IELTS, CAEL or MELAB) with the required minimum score. Applicants who do not meet the minimum and who are otherwise admissible are offered the opportunity to enrol in Laurentian’s English Academic Preparation (EAP) Program. Please refer to the website of Laurentian International for more details.

For Current Students

The degree options listed below are for the upcoming academic year, not the current academic year. If you are a current student looking for which courses to take in order to complete your degree options from a previous academic year's curriculum, please consult with an academic advisor.


Bachelor of Arts (3 Year) in Geography

Total 90 credits

Students must follow these regulations in order to meet graduation requirements for the BA or B.Sc.

 

Concentration in Geography

All students entering a BA program as of September 2017 are required to take 6 credits each of linguistic awareness, scientific literacy and indigenous content as per the regulations.

Although the requirements have been slotted in first year in the description below, students may fulfill them at any time during their studies.

Eligible courses are available at the 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000 levels and students should take them at the appropriate time in their studies.

Courses fulfilling these requirements may be taken as electives or as part of a minor, concentration, major or specialization. 

First Year

   GEOG 1026E       Introduction to Physical Geography
   GEOG 1027E       Introduction to Human Geography
   6 elective credits of linguistic awareness (see regulations)
   6 elective credits in the Sciences
   6 elective credits in Indigenous content (starting 2017)
   6 elective credits

 

Upper Years

   9 credits in Geographic Techniques courses from the following:

                STAT 2126E         Introduction to Statistics

                GEOG 2016E       Introduction to Cartography

                GEOG 2017E       Applied Cartography and Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

                GEOG 2037E       Introduction to Remote Sensing

                OR one of:

                                GEOG 2027E       Quantitative Methods in Geography OR

                                ECON 2136E        Statistical Methods for Economics OR

                                PSYC 2127E         Scientific Method and Analysis II OR

                                SOCI 2127E          Research Methods and Data Analysis

   6 credits in Physical Geography courses from the following:

                GEOG 2106E       Geomorphology I or GEOL 1006E or GEOL 1021E

                GEOG 2126E       Climatology I

                GEOG 2136E       Introduction to Hydrology           

                GEOG 2147E       Biogeography I or BIOL 2356E Principles of Ecology

   6 credits in Human Geography courses from the following:

                GEOG 2216E       Cultural Geography or    ANTR 2046E

                GEOG 2236E       Geographic Perspectives on Urban Systems

                GEOG 2246E       Political Geography: Canadian Issues

                GEOG 2247E       Economic Geography: Canadian Issues

   9 credits from GEOG 3000 or 4000 level courses

                - may also include:

                                ECON 2027E        Introduction to Regional Economics

                                HIST 3066E          Cities in Canada

                                POLI 2306E          International Relations

                                POLI 3316           Regional Governance/Euro Union

   30 elective credits

Note:    Students may not exceed 42 credits at the 1000 or 9100 level in their degree program.

 

Bachelor of Arts (4 Year) in Geography

Total 120 credits

Students must follow these regulations in order to meet graduation requirements for the BA or B.Sc.

 

Specialization in Geography

All students entering a BA program as of September 2017 are required to take 6 credits each of linguistic awareness, scientific literacy and indigenous content as per the regulations.

Although the requirements have been slotted in first year in the description below, students may fulfill them at any time during their studies.

Eligible courses are available at the 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000 levels and students should take them at the appropriate time in their studies.

Courses fulfilling these requirements may be taken as electives or as part of a minor, concentration, major or specialization. 

First Year

   GEOG 1026E       Introduction to Physical Geography
   GEOG 1027E       Introduction to Human Geography
   6 elective credits of linguistic awareness (see regulations)
   6 elective credits in the Sciences
   6 elective credits in Indigenous content (starting 2017)
   6 elective credits

Upper Years

   STAT 2126E         Introduction to Statistics

   6 credits in Geographic Techniques courses from the following:

                GEOG 2016E       Introduction to Cartography

                GEOG 2017E       Applied Cartography and Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

                GEOG 2037E       Introduction to Remote Sensing

                OR one of:

                                GEOG 2027E       Quantitative Methods in Geography OR

                                ECON 2136E        Statistical Methods for Economics OR

                                PSYC 2127E         Scientific Method and Analysis II OR

                                SOCI 2127E          Research Methods and Data Analysis

   9 credits in Physical Geography courses from the following:

                GEOG 2106E       Geomorphology I or GEOL 1006E or GEOL 1021E

                GEOG 2126E       Climatology I

                GEOG 2136E       Introduction to Hydrology           

                GEOG 2147E       Biogeography I or BIOL 2356E Principles of Ecology

   9 credits in Human Geography courses from the following:

                GEOG 2216E       Cultural Geography or ANTR 2046E

                GEOG 2236E       Geographic Perspectives on Urban Systems

                GEOG 2246E       Political Geography: Canadian Issues

                GEOG 2247E       Economic Geography: Canadian Issues

   12 credits from GEOG 4000 level courses

   15 credits from GEOG 3000 or 4000 level courses

                - may also include:

                               ECON 2027E        Introduction to Regional Economics

                               HIST 3066E          Cities in Canada

                               POLI 2306E          International Relations

                               POLI 3316E           Regional Governance/Euro Union

   36 elective credits

Note:    Students may not exceed 42 credits at the 1000 or 9100 level in their degree program.

 

Major in Geography

   GEOG 1026E       Introduction to Physical Geography

   GEOG 1027E       Introduction to Human Geography

   9 credits in Geographic Techniques courses from the following:

                STAT 2126E         Introduction to Statistics

                GEOG 2016E       Introduction to Cartography

                GEOG 2017E       Applied Cartography and Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

                GEOG 2037E       Introduction to Remote Sensing

                OR one of:

                                GEOG 2027E       Quantitative Methods in Geography OR

                                ECON 2136E        Statistical Methods for Economics OR

                                PSYC 2127E         Scientific Method and Analysis II OR

                                SOCI 2127E          Research Methods and Data Analysis

   6 credits in Physical Geography courses from the following:

                GEOG 2106E       Geomorphology I or GEOL 1006E   or GEOL 1021E

                GEOG 2126E       Climatology I

                GEOG 2136E       Introduction to Hydrology           

                GEOG 2147E       Biogeography I or BIOL 2356E Principles of Ecology

   6 credits in Human Geography courses from the following:

                GEOG 2216E       Cultural Geography or ANTR 2046E

                GEOG 2236E       Geographic Perspectives on Urban Systems

                GEOG 2246E       Political Geography: Canadian Issues

                GEOG 2247E       Economic Geography: Canadian Issues

   9 credits from GEOG 4000 level courses

   6 credits from GEOG 3000 or 4000 level courses

                - may also include:

                                ECON 2027E        Introduction to Regional Economics

                                HIST 3066E          Cities in Canada

                                POLI 2306E          International Relations

                                POLI 3316E          Regional Governance/Euro Union

   78 elective credits#

Notes:

  • Students must include 6 credits in linguistic awareness, 6 credits of Indigenous content, and 6 credits in the Sciences if not part of the other minor or second major. Eligible courses are available at the 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000 levels and students should take them at the appropriate time in their studies.
  • Students must complete a minimum of a minor (24 credits) or a second major (42 credits) from among their elective credits.
  • Students may not exceed 42 credits at the 1000 or 9100 level in their degree program.

 

Minor in Geography

24 credits in Geography of which at least 6 credits must be at the 3000 or 4000 level

 

Certificate in Geographic Techniques

Applied geographers use geographical knowledge and skills to form solutions to spatial problems.  The courses that constitute the Certificate in Geographic Techniques provide students with both relevant training and general education.  The certificate equips the student with marketable skills by providing a solid background in: cartography, quantitative methods, air photo interpretation, remote sensing and geographical information systems (GIS).  These courses demonstrate how spatially-referenced information can be manipulation to tackle a wide range of location-allocation problems.  Knowledge of these skills can result in numerous public and private sector employment opportunities including: resource management, natural environment conservation, regional/urban land use planning and marketing analysis.

The courses required in this certificate are all inherently linked.  The introductory courses provide the fundamentals of geographic inquiry.  The cartography and quantitative methods courses give the student background in the use of statistics and computer-assisted mapping techniques.  Air-photo interpretation and remote sensing likewise provide the student with additional spatial analytical skills.  The GIS courses expand upon the spatial knowledge already learned and show how the use of geographic information systems can be used to assist in solving many contemporary problems in a wide variety of fields.

The requirements of the Certificate in Geographic Techniques are as follows:

Students must complete the following with a minimum overall average of 70% in these 30 credits.

24 credits from the following:

                GEOG 1026E       Introduction to Physical Geography

                GEOG 1027E       Introduction to Human Geography

                GEOG 2016E       Introduction to Cartography

                GEOG 2017E       Applied Cartography/Intro to Geographic Information Systems

                STAT 2126E         Introduction to Statistics

                GEOG 2027E       Quantitative Methods in Geography

                GEOG 2037E       Introduction to Remote Sensing

                GEOG 3036E       Air Photo Interpretation

                GEOG 3046E       History and Methodology of Geography

                GEOG 3056E       Topics in Geographic Information Systems Application

                GEOG 4057E       Advanced Topics in Geographic Information Systems/Spatial Analysis

6 additional GEOG credits

 

Certificate in Social Research Methods (30 credits)
If your concentration, major or speciaIization is in the Social sciences, you can obtain a BA and a Certificate in Social Research without any additional courses
I. STATISTICS (3 credits required) One of the following:
      STAT 2126EL Introduction to Statistics
      ECON 2136EL Statistical Methods for Economics
      STAT 1056EL Business Statistics
      STAT 2246EL Statistics for Scientists
II. MATHEMATICS (3 credits required) One of the following:
      ECON 2127EL Introduction to the Mathematical Treatment of Economics
      MATH 1911EL Finite Mathematics
      MATH 1912EL Elementary Calculus
      MATH 1057EL Linear Algebra I
      MATH 1036EL Calculus I
III. QUANTITATIVE METHODS ( 9 credits required)
      ECON 3466EL Introduction to Econometrics
      ECON 3476EL Mathematical Economics I
      PSYC 2127EL Scientific Method and Analysis II
      PSYC 3156EL Basic Research Practicum
      PSYC 3256EL Design and Analysis I
      GERO 3126EL Applied Research Methods in Gerontology I
      GERO 3127EL Applied Research Methods in Gerontology II
      SOCI 3005EL Survey Research: A Course in Applied Sociology
      SOCI 4026EL Quantitative Methods
IV. QUALITATIVE METHODS (6 credits required)
      SOCI 2127EL Research Methods and Data Analysis
      SOCI 3126EL Qualitative Methods
      INDG 3215EL Native Community-Based Research Methods
      ISWK 3555EL Indigenous Social Work Research Methodologies
      HIST 2026EL Historical Methods
      WOMN 2016EL Production of Knowledge
      ANTR 3026EL Anthropological Research: Project Design
      ENVI 4695EL Environmental Community Research
V. SPATIAL METHODS (6 credits required)
      GEOG 2017EL Applied Cartography and Introduction to GIS
      GEOG 2037EL Introduction to Remote Sensing
      GEOG 3056EL Topics in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Application
      GEOG 4057EL Senior Topics in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Spatial Analysis
VI. PRESENTATION AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS (3 credits required)
      SCOM 4006EL Presenting and Communicating Research
Prerequisites for the Certificate:
      SOCI 1015EL or PSYC 1105EL
      ECON 1006/1007EL

Note : A minimum of 6 credits of the selected courses must be at the 3000-level or above.

 

Honours Diploma in Geography

The Honours Diploma Program has been developed for students who have completed a three year degree in Geography and who wish to pursue further studies in Geography. Admission to the honours diploma requires the successful completion of a three year BA degree in Geography or equivalent with a minimum average of 70% in all Geography courses required in the degree.

 

The student must complete a minimum of 30 credits in Geography with an overall average of at least 70%.  Students must consult the department to determine the required courses in the Honours Diploma.

 

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Year:

GEOG-1026EL - Introduction to Physical Geography GEOG-1027EL - Introduction to Human Geography GEOG-2016EL - Introduction to Cartography GEOG-2017EL - Applied Cartography and Introduction to Geographic Information Systems GEOG-2027EL - Quantitative Methods in Geography GEOG-2037EL - Introduction to Remote Sensing GEOG-2106EL - Geomorphology I GEOG-2126EL - Climatology I GEOG-2136EL - Introduction to Hydrology GEOG-2147EL - Biogeography I GEOG-2216EL - Cutural Geography GEOG-2236EL - Geographic Perspectives on Urban Systems GEOG-2246EL - Political Geography: Canadian Issues GEOG-2247EL - Economic Geography: Canadian Issues GEOG-3036EL - Air Photo Interpretation GEOG-3056EL - Topics in Geographic Information Systems Application GEOG-3107EL - Geomorphology II GEOG-3126EL - Climatology II GEOG-3147EL - Biogeography II GEOG-3156EL - Climate and Global Change I
GEOG-3196EL - Selected Topics in Physical Geography GEOG-3237EL - The Internal Structure of the City GEOG-3266EL - The Spatial Organization of Economic Activity GEOG-3267EL - Comtemporary Issues in Economic Geography GEOG-3297EL - Selected Topics in Human Geography GEOG-3496EL - Geography of Northern Canada: Social and Political Perspectives GEOG-3497EL - Geography of Northern Canada: Developmental Issues GEOG-3506EL - American Landscapes GEOG-3606EL - The European Union GEOG-3826EL - Brazil and South America GEOG-3827EL - Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean GEOG-4057EL - Advanced Topics in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Spatial Analysis GEOG-4107EL - Land Resources and Their Evaluation GEOG-4117EL - Water Issues of the 21st Century GEOG-4157EL - Climate and Global Change II GEOG-4217EL - Population and Development GEOG-4236EL - Urban Land Use Planning Theory GEOG-4237EL - Land Use Planning in Canada GEOG-4985EL - Directed Studies GEOG-4995EL - Senior Seminar and Thesis

~~Sessionals

Baptista, Christine      cbaptista@laurentian.ca
GEOG 2147 E – Biogeography I
GEOG 3147 E  - Biogeography II

Cook, Susan   -   SM_Cook@laurentian.ca
GEOG 2037 E – Introduction to Remote Sensing
GEOG 3036 E –  Air Photo Interpretation
GEOG 4117 E -  Water Issues in the XX1st Century

Heffernan, Sue   -   SHeffernan@laurentian.ca
GEOG 2236 E – Geography Perspectives Urban System
GEOG 3496 E -  Geography of Northern Canada: Social and Political Perspective
GEOG 3497 E -  Geography of Northern Canada: Developmental Issues

Islam, S.M. Tariqul  -   SY_Islam@laurentian.ca
GEOG 3046 E – Hitory and Methodology of Geography
GEOG 4216 E – Population and development

Kaufman, Steve   -  SKaufman@laurentian.ca
GEOG 2136 E – Introduction to Hydrology

Landry, Edouard  –   EX_Landry@laurentian.ca
GEOG 4236 E –  Urban Land Use Planning Theory
GEOG 4237 E –  Urban Land Use Planning in Canada

Leach,Marc  –  MB_Leach@laurentian.ca
GEOG 2126 E -  Climatoloy I
GEOG 2216 E – Cultural Geography

Naeem, Rahat  –  RNaeem@laurentian.ca
GEOG 1026 E – Introduction to Human Geography
GEOG 2016 E -  Introduction to Cartography
GEOG 2017 E – Applied Cartography and Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

Raoul Étongué-Mayer

School of Northern and Community Studies

Darrel Manitowabi

School of Northern and Community Studies

Stephen Meyer

School of Northern and Community Studies

Pascale Roy-Léveillée

School of Northern and Community Studies

Moustapha Soumahoro

School of Northern and Community Studies

Jorge Virchez

School of Northern and Community Studies