Earth Sciences

Explore Geology & Geoscience to Uncover the Mysteries of Planet Earth

Sudbury is the best place in the world to study Earth Sciences.

Located on the southern rim of one of the world’s largest, oldest and best-exposed meteorite impact sites, close to numerous base metal mines and a large variety of rock types, Sudbury’s geology provides unique opportunities for field instruction, pure and applied research. This includes for example the exploration of ore deposits, understanding geological processes in the Earth interior and on its surface and the study of environmental processes. Using scientific principles, discover which elements are present to determine if the area could sustain life or what elements and minerals may be present to secure a sustainable future.

The Harquail School of Earth Sciences and its Mineral Exploration Research Centre (MERC) are housed in the Willet Green Miller Centre in the world’s largest mineral exploration and mining-service cluster. Uniquely situated in Northern Ontario within close proximity to Manitoulin Island, Timmins, Noranda and Bancroft, students have a setting for field-based learning and research that cannot be duplicated elsewhere.

Visit the Harquail School of Earth Sciences website to learn more about the faculty, current projects, research areas, and student and alumni experiences!

Visit the Harquail School Website

Academic Advisor

Dr. Leonardo Feltrin

Telephone: 705-675-1151 ext 2131


Office: Monday 1-3pm (office hours from Sept 3, 2019 to Apr 3, 2020). Room B8053, on the 8th floor of the Willet Green Miller Centre.

How to Apply
Laurentian University aerial view
By land area, Greater Sudbury is the largest city in Ontario and as such, the great outdoors beckon with its vast expanse of lakes and waterways, varied terrain, forests and comprehensive network of trails.
Delivery Method: On campus
Program Language: English

Positioning students for employment and success

Take advantage of small class sizes that provide an open and hands-on learning environment with a high focus on field-based instruction. The School is comprised of 20 faculty who are proven leaders in their fields, recognized through reputable awards including three Duncan Derry Medal winners. Located in the Willet Green Miller Centre, one of the largest earth science resource centres in North America, the location provides ample opportunities for students to find employment within their field while at Laurentian University. The building houses several mining-related research centres such as the Ontario Geological Survey, the Ontario Geoscience Laboratories (Geo Labs), and the Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines.

Students may continue their studies with the Harquail School of Earth Sciences in the MSc Geology program and the PhD in Mineral Deposits and Precambrian Geology program. See details about the Mineral Exploration Research Centre (MERC) below. 

Professional Accreditation

The four-year B.Sc. in Environmental Geosciences is designed to meet the minimum knowledge (academic) requirements for registration as a professional geoscientist (P.Geo.) with the Association of Professional Geoscientists of Ontario (APGO). Registration with the APGO will significantly enhance career prospects of Environmental Geosciences students.

The North's Advantage

The School contains a wide array of analytical instrumentation to support both the research and educational needs and benefits from sharing laboratory facilities with one of the largest and most advanced geoscience analytical facilities in North America supporting the Ontario Geological Survey (Geo Labs).

The region’s geological environments include Archean volcanic/sedimentary belts, a Proterozoic sedimentary/volcanic belt, Grenville metamorphic terrains, and lower to middle Paleozoic sequences. The School constitutes an unparalleled learning environment in ore deposits, structural geology, geophysics, mineralogy, igneous and metamorphic petrology, sedimentation and stratigraphy, and paleoecology.

Laurentian is the leading Canadian university in Economic Geology research funding

The Mineral Exploration Research Centre (MERC) is a collaborative research centre at Laurentian University affiliated with the Harquail School of Earth Sciences (HES). The Harquail School of Earth Sciences has by far the highest level of Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) and Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI) funding in economic geology in Canada.

The most recently funded project called Metal Earth, is a seven-year, $104 Million collaborative research and development project initiated in 2016 and led by MERC. This initiative received a boost of $49,269,000 over seven years from the Canada First Research Excellence Fund (CFREF). This is the largest funding announcement in Laurentian’s 56-year history and the largest exploration research program ever undertaken in Canada, providing undergraduate students with the possibility of obtaining valuable hands-on summer work experience by conducting research in the field as part of this initiative. Findings from Metal Earth will be transferable around the world and position Canada as an authoritative leader in the global quest for metals.

What is an Economic Geologist curious about? 

Evan Hastie studies how major rock structures control the distribution of gold deposits in Northern Manitoba. Read about his passions for economic geology and some of his recent findings with gold deposits. 

Students travel to Southwestern USA!

Not only do students at the Harquail school have the opportunity to travel to nearby places in Northern Ontario, they also are presented with International field trip opportunities (most recently to Southwestern USA, Peru, South Africa, Chile, Hawaii, and Mexico). Read about the 13-day road trip through Southwestern USA and check out some photos on the Harquail Instagram page! 


Logo banner, MERC, Harquail and Metal Earth

Ontario High School Applicants

1 grade 12 English U/M course

1 grade 12 4U Advanced Functions

1 grade 12 U/M Science course

1 additional grade 12 U/M Math or Science course

2 other grade 12 U/M courses 

A minimum overall average of 70% in the 6 best grade 12 U/M courses

Additional information for applicants who have completed Advanced Placement courses.

Additional information for applicants who have completed the International Baccalaureate.


Applicants from outside an Ontario High School 

International Students

Canadian High School Applicants from outside Ontario

Applicants from Colleges

Applicants from other Universities

Mature Students

For Current Students

The degree options listed below are for the upcoming academic year, not the current academic year. If you are a current student looking for which courses to take in order to complete your degree options from a previous academic year's curriculum, please consult with an academic advisor.

Bachelor of Science (4 Year) in Earth Sciences

Students must follow these regulations in order to meet graduation requirements for the BA or B.Sc.


Specialization in Earth Sciences
Total: 120 credits (with a minimum of 66 credits of GEOL courses plus 27 credits of foundation science plus electives)*
* B.Sc. students are required to take at least 12 cr from outside the Faculty of Science and Engineering.  No more than 72 cr can be taken from any one subject area.  

The four-year B.Sc. in Geology is designed to meet the minimum knowledge (academic) requirements for registration as a professional geologist (P.Geo.) with the Association of Professional Geoscientists of Ontario (APGO).  

1st year 
   CHMI 1006 - General Chemistry I
   CHMI 1007 - General Chemistry II
   GEOL 1006 - Introductory Geology I
   GEOL 1007 - Introductory Geology II
   MATH 1036 - Calculus I
   PHYS 1006 - Introductory Physics I  or  PHYS 1206 - Physics for the Life Sciences I
   PHYS 1007 - Introductory Physics II  or  PHYS 1207 - Physics for the Life Sciences II

   + electives (9 cr) (6 cr of foundation science* and 3 cr of Arts are recommended)

 * A foundation science is a course in biology, chemistry, computer programming, mathematics, physics or statistics at the first year level or higher (remedial secondary school level or transitional courses will not be accepted for credit). 

2nd year 
   GEOL 2006 - Field Geology I  
   GEOL 2126 - Mineralogy I
   GEOL 2127 - Optical Mineralogy
   GEOL 2237 - Sedimentary, Igneous & Metamorphic Rocks
   GEOL 2406 - Paleobiology I
   GEOL 2807 - Geochemistry I  
   STAT 2246 - Statistics for Sciences

  + electives (9 cr) (3 cr of foundation science and 6 cr  of Arts are recommended)* 

* CHMI 2526 is strongly recommended for students focusing on mineral exploration, igneous or metamorphic petrology, geochemistry or mineralogy.


3rd year 
   GEOL 3006 - Field Geology II
   GEOL 3206 - Igneous Petrology
   GEOL 3207 - Metamorphic Petrology
   GEOL 3217 - Sedimentology and Stratigraphy  
   GEOL 3306 - Structural Geology
   GEOL 3607 - Ore Deposits & Their Geological Environment
   GEOL-3807 - Geochemistry II

   + electives* (9 cr) (3 cr of Arts are recommended; GEOL 3056 - Computer Applications in the Geosciences or GEOG 3056 - GIS Application is recommended) 

4th year 
   GEOL- 4506 - Tectonics, Petrogenesis and Metallogenesis 

   + 9 credits from:
      GEOL 4016 - Precambrian Geology
      GEOL 4026 - Field Geology III
      GEOL 4127 - Advanced Mineralogy
      GEOL 4206 - Advanced Igneous Petrology
      GEOL 4307 - Polyphase Metamorphism & Deformation
      GEOL 4607 - Ore-Forming Processes
    + 6 credits from:
      GEOL 4217 - Carbonate Sedimentology
      GEOL 4226 - Pleistocene & Glacial Geology
      GEOL 4956 – Mineral Exploration Geophysics 

   + electives* (12 cr) 

* Up to 6 credits may be GEOL 4005 - Thesis or two 3-credit GEOL courses not already taken above or from the additional Geoscience course list below.  Students must ensure their overall degree requirements are met. 

Additional geoscience courses eligible for APGO credit:*
   BIOL 4076 - Ecosystem Ecology
   CHMI 3326 - Aquatic Chemistry
   CHMI 4197 - Environmental Analytical Chemistry
   ENSC 3716 - Environmental Impact Assessment
   GEOG 2037  - Introduction to Remote Sensing
   GEOG 2126 - Climatology I
   GEOG 3036 - Air Photo Interpretation
   GEOG 3056 - GIS Application
   GEOL 2066 - Near-surface Geophysical Methods
   GEOL 3056  - Computer Applications in the Geosciences
   GEOL 3397 - Introductory Soil Science
   GEOL 3417 - Oceanography
   GEOL 4005 - Thesis (6cr)
   GEOL 4037 - Applied Remote Sensing
   GEOL 4706 - Hydrogeology
   GEOL 4416 - Global Change - The Geologic Record
   GEOL 3146 - Physics of the Earth
   GEOL 4946 Seismic Methods 

* Courses may have prerequisites not listed here.           


Bachelor of Science (3 Year) in Earth Sciences

Students must follow these regulations in order to meet graduation requirements for the BA or B.Sc.

Concentration in Earth Sciences

First year

   CHMI 1006E        General Chemistry I*

   CHMI 1007E        General Chemistry II

   GEOL 1006E        Introductory Geology I

   GEOL 1007E        Introductory Geology II

   PHYS 1006E         Introductory Physics I or PHYS 1206E Physics for the Life Science I

   PHYS 1007E         Introductory Physics II or PHYS 1207E Physics for the Life Science II

   6 credits from MATH at the first year level

   6 elective credits#

* Students lacking grade 12 4U Chemistry must first take CHMI 1041.


Second Year

   GEOL 2006E        Field Geology I

   GEOL 2126E        Mineralogy I

   GEOL 2127E        Optical Mineralogy

   GEOL 2237E        Sedimentary, Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks

   GEOL 2406E        Paleobiology I

   GEOL 2807E        Geochemistry I

   12 elective credits#


Third Year

   GEOL 3006E        Field Geology II

   12 credits from:

      GEOL 3206E        Igneous Petrography

      GEOL 3207E        Metamorphic Petrography

      GEOL 3217E        Sedimentary Facies

      GEOL 3306E        Structural Geology

      GEOL 3807E        Geochemistry II

   15 elective credits#


# Students must include a minimum of 12 credits from the Humanities and/or Social Sciences.

Note:    Students may not exceed 48 credits at the 1000 or 9100 level in their degree program.


Minor in Geology


   GEOL 1006      Introduction to Geology I
   GEOL 1007      Introduction to Geology II

   15 credits from the following (at least 6 credits must be from 3000/4000 level

      GEOL 2237      Sedimentary, Igneous & Metamorphic Rocks
      GEOL 2126      Mineralogy
      GEOL 2021      Geology of Earth Resources
      GEOL 2022      The Dynamic Earth
      GEOL 2406      Paleobiology I
      GEOL 2046      Natural Disasters
      GEOL 2106      Introductory Geomorphology I
      GEOL 3217      Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
      GEOL 3312      Introduction to Earth Structures
      GEOL 3811      Chemistry of Earth Materials
      GEOL 4226      Pleistocene and Glacial Geology
      GEOL 4416      Global Change
      GEOL 4706      Hydrogeology
      GEOL 4956      Geophysics

   3 credits from the following list

      COMM 1206     Business communications
      ENGR 1016      Engineering Communications
      ENGL 1706      Intro to writing English studies I
      COST 2446      The Dynamics of Interpersonal Communications I
      COST 2447      The Dynamics of Interpersonal Communications II
      ENGL 3536       Environmental Communications
      ENGL 3556       Principles and Practices of Workplace Communications
      SCOM 4006      Communicating Research


CHMI-1006EL - General Chemistry I CHMI-1007EL - General Chemistry II GEOL-1006EL - Introductory Geology I GEOL-1007EL - Introductory Geology II MATH-1036EL - Calculus I PHYS-1006EL - Introductory Physics I PHYS-1007EL - Introductory Physics II GEOL-2006EL - Field Geology I GEOL-2066EL - Near-Surface Geophysical Methods GEOL-2126EL - Mineralogy I GEOL-2127EL - Optical Mineralogy GEOL-2237EL - Sedimentary, Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks GEOL-2406EL - Paleobiology I GEOL-2807EL - Geochemistry I STAT-2246EL - Statistics for Scientists GEOL-3006EL - Field Geology II GEOL-3056EL - Computer Applications in the Earth Sciences GEOL-3146EL - Physics of the Earth GEOL-3206EL - Igneous Petrography GEOL-3207EL - Metamorphic Petrography GEOL-3217EL - Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
GEOL-3306EL - Structural Geology GEOL-3397EL - Introductory Soil Science GEOL-3417EL - Oceanography GEOL-3607EL - Ore Deposits and Their Geological Environment GEOL-3807EL - Geochemistry II GEOL-4005EL - Thesis GEOL-4016EL - Precambrian Geology GEOL-4026EL - Field Geology III GEOL-4037EL - Applied Remote Sensing GEOL-4127EL - Advanced Mineralogy GEOL-4206EL - Advanced Igneous Petrology GEOL-4217EL - Carbonate Sedimentology GEOL-4226EL - Pleistocene and Glacial Geology GEOL-4307EL - Polyphase Metamorphism and Deformation GEOL-4416EL - The Global Change-The Geologic Record GEOL-4506EL - Tectonics, Petrogenesis and Metallogenesis GEOL-4607EL - Ore-Forming Processes GEOL-4706EL - Hydrogeology GEOL-4946EL - Seismic Methods GEOL-4956EL - Mineral Exploration Geophysics

Sessional Instructors (June 2019)   

Christopher Beckett-Brown

Manuel F. Duguet

Cun Hai George Gao

Evan Hastie

Richard S. James

Taus Jørgensen

Jordan Mathieu

Rémy Poulin

Tobias M. Roth

Don H. Rousell

Kate E. Rubingh

Renée-Luce Simard

Margaret S. Stewart

Robert C. Stewart

Phillips C. Thurston

Leonardo Feltrin

Leonardo Feltrin

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Harold Gibson

Harold Gibson

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Alessandro Ielpi

Alessandro Ielpi

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Pedro Jugo

Pedro Jugo

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Daniel Kontak

Daniel Kontak

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Bruno Lafrance

Bruno Lafrance

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Carl Lesher

Carl Lesher

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Andrew McDonald

Andrew McDonald

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Nadia Mykytczuk

Nadia Mykytczuk

School of the Environment
Mostafa Naghizadeh

Mostafa Naghizadeh

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Stéphane Perrouty

Stéphane Perrouty

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Michael Schindler

Michael Schindler

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Ross Sherlock

Ross Sherlock

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Richard Smith

Richard Smith

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Graeme Spiers

Graeme Spiers

School of the Environment
Douglas Tinkham

Douglas Tinkham

Harquail School of Earth Sciences
Elizabeth Turner

Elizabeth Turner

Harquail School of Earth Sciences