Nelson Belzile

Nelson Belzile

Full Professor

Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Science, Engineering and Architecture
S-219, Science Building Sudbury Campus

Biography

Nelson Belzile is an analytical and environmental chemist with several years of experience in the fields of geochemistry and limnology. He teaches environmental and analytical chemistry. He is also an invited professor at the Trent University of Peterborough and at several universities in China. He has published more than 100 scientific papers most of them dealing with the determination, speciation and geochemistry of hydride-forming trace elements.

Education

  • B.Sc. Chemistry
  • M.Sc. Oceanography
  • Ph.D. Oceanography

Academic Appointments

Full Professor

On The Web

https://laurentian.ca/faculty/nbelzile

Research

Biogeochemical behaviour of toxic trace elements (Se, Hg, Sb, As, Te) in aquatic systems. Distribution, speciation and bioavailability.

Toxic effects of selenium in waterfowl.

Reactivity and valorization of mine tailings. Mine water treatment.

Low-cost adsorbents for wastewater treatments.


Awards

  • Merit Increments


Teaching

Analytical and Environmental Chemistry

Publications

 Chapters in Academic Books (refereed)

Belzile, N. (2014) Minerals, metals, toxicity and substitutes. In: Resources, Empire and Labour: Globalization Crises and Alternatives, D. Leadbeater (Ed.), Fernwood Publishers, 124-134.

Recent Selected Articles (in refereed journals)

Chen, Y.-W., Yu, X., Belzile, N. (2019) Arsenic speciation in surface waters and lake sediments in an abandoned mine site and field observations of arsenic ecotoxicity. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 205, 106349. + 11 pages of on-line supporting information. doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2019.106349

Cui, W., Hou, H., Chen, J., Yu, X. Guo, Y., Tao, Z., Deng, T.-L., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N. (2019) Speciation analysis of iodate and iodide in high salt brine by high performance liquid chromatography and inductively coupled plasma  mass spectrometry. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 34, 1374-1379. doi: 10.1039/C9JA00121B  

Wang, B., Zeng, D., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N., Bai, Y., Zhu, J., Shu, J., Chen, S. (2019) Adsorption behaviors of phenanthrene and bisphenol A in purple paddy soils amended with straw-derived DOM in the West Sichuan Plain of China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 169, 737-746. doi.org/10.1016/jecoenv.2018.11.096

Bian, L., Nie, J., Jiang, X., Song, M., Dong, F., Shang, L., Deng, H., He, H., Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., Xu, B., Liu, X. (2019) Selective adsorption of uranyl and potentially toxic metal ions at the core-shell MFe2O4-TiO2 (M = Mn, Fe, Zn, Co, or Ni) nanoparticles. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 365, 835-845. doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.11.07

Wu, C., Li, Y., Chen, M., Luo, X., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N., Huang, S. (2018) Adsorption of cadmium on degraded soils amended with maize-stalk-derived biochar. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15, 2331. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15112331

Nie, J., Bian, L., Gu, X., Jiang, X., Dong, H., Song, M., Dong, F., Zhang, L., He, H., He, P., Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., Sun, S. (2018) Biosynthesized magnetite-perovskite (XFe2O4-BiFeO3) interfaces for toxic trace metal removal from aqueous solution. Ceramics International, 21210-21220. doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.08.167

Appiah-Hagan, E., Chen, Y.-W., Yu, X., Arteca, G.A., Pizarro, J., Mercier, L., Wei, Q., Belzile, N. (2018) Simple and energy-saving modifications of coal fly ash to remove simultaneously six toxic metal cations from mine effluents. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 6, 5498-5509. doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.08.048

Chen, Y.-W., Yu, X., Appiah-Hagan, E. Pizarro, J., Arteca, G.A., Mercier, L., Wei, Q. Belzile, N. (2018) Utilization of low-cost adsorbents to remove anionic As(V), Cr(VI), Mo(VI) and Se(IV) from mine waters. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 6, 2470-2479. doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.03.043

Martin, A., Fraser, C., Simpson, S., Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., London, J., Wallschläger, D.  (2018). Hydrological and biogeochemical controls governing the speciation and accumulation of selenium in a wetland influenced by mine drainage: Selenium speciation and accumulation in wetland. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 37, 1824-1838. doi:10.1002/etc.4123

Lock, A., Wallschläger, D., Belzile, N., Spiers, G., Gueguen, C.  (2018) Rates and processes affecting As speciation and mobility in lake sediments during aging. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 66, 338-347.  dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2017.05.003

Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W. (2017) Thallium in the environment: A critical review focused on natural waters, soils, sediments and airborne particles. Applied Geochemistry, 84, 218-243. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2017.06.013

Lock, A., Wallschläger, D., McMurdo, C., Tyler, L., Belzile, N., Spiers, G.  (2016) Validation of an updated fractionation and indirect speciation procedure for inorganic arsenic in oxic and suboxic soils and sediments. Environmental Pollution, 219, 1102-1108. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2016.09.013

Chen, Y.-W., Alzahrani, A., Deng, T.-L., Belzile, N. (2016) Valence properties of tellurium in different chemical systems and its determination in refractory environmental samples using hydride generation–atomic fluorescence spectroscopy. Analytica Chimica Acta, 905, 42-50. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2015.11.035

Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W. (2015) Tellurium in the environment: A critical review focused on natural waters, soils, sediments and airborne particles. Applied Geochemistry, 63, 83-92. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2015.07.002

Holman, K.L., Schummer, M.L., Petrie, S.A., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N. (2015) Inorganic contaminants, nutrient reserves and molt intensity in autumn migrant red-necked grebes (Podiceps grisegena) at Georgian Bay. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 69, 399-410. doi:10.1007/s00244-015-0200-5

Pizarro, J., Castillo, X., Jara, S., Ortiz, C., Navarro, P., Cid, H., Rioseco, H., Barros, D.,  Belzile, N. (2015) Adsorption of Cu2+ on coal fly ash modified with functionalized mesoporous silica. Fuel, 156, 96-102. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2015.04.030

Deng, T.-L., Wu, Y., Yu, X., Guo, Y., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N. (2014) Seasonal variations of arsenic at the sediment-water interface of Poyang Lake, China. Applied Geochemistry, 47, 170-176. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.06.002

Li, D.C., Deng, T.-L., Guo, Y., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N. (2014) Solvent extraction of tellurium from chloride solutions using tri N-butyl phosphate: conditions and thermodynamic data. The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 458705-1/7. dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/458705

Truong, H.Y.T., Chen, Y.-W., Saleh, M., Nezhati, S., George, G.N., Pickering, I.J., Belzile, N. (2014) Proteomics of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans and X-ray absorption spectroscopy to investigate mercury methylation in presence of selenium. Metallomics, 6, 465-475. doi:10.1039/c3mt00323j

Filella, M., Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W. (2013) Human exposure to antimony. IV. Contents in human blood.  Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology,43, 2071-2105. dx.doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2013.790741

Brady, C., Petrie, S.A., Schummer, M.L., Badzinski, S.S., Belzile. N., Chen, Y.-W. (2013)    Effects of dietary selenium on the health and survival of captive wintering lesser scaup. Environmental Pollution, 175, 8-15. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2012.12.005

Truong, H.Y.T., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N. (2013) Effect of sulfide, selenite and mercuric mercury on the growth and methylation capacity of the sulfate reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio desulfuricans. Science of the Total Environment, 449, 373-384. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.01.054

Filella, M., Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W. (2013) Human exposure to antimony. III. Contents in some human excreted biofluids (urine, milk, saliva).  Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 43, 162-214. dx.doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2011.604257

Schummer, M.L., Course, C., Petrie, S.A., Badzinski, S.S., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile. N. (2012) Hepatic concentrations of elemental contaminants and their relationships with nutrient reserves in Fall-migrant common loons at Lake Erie. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 62, 704-713. doi:10.1007/s00244-011-9724-5

Ware, L.L., Petrie, S.A., Badzinski, S.S., Bailey, R.C, Chen, Y.-W., Belzile. N. (2012) Effects of elevated selenium on body condition, oxidative stress, and organ heath in greater scaup wintering on Lake Ontario. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 36, 506-511. doi:10.1002/wsb.158

Filella, M., Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W. (2012) Human exposure to antimony. II. Contents in some human tissues often used in biomonitoring (hair, nails, teeth).  Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 42, 1052-1115. dx.doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2011.556540

Schummer, M.L., Petrie, S.A., Badzinski, S.S., Deming, M., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile. N. (2011) Elemental contaminants in livers of mute swans on Lakes Erie and St. Clair. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 61, 677-687. doi:10.1007/s00244-011-9659-x

Martin, A.J., Simpson, S., Fawcett, S.,  Wiramanaden, C.I.E., Pickering, I.J., Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., London, J., Wallschläger, D. (2011) Biochemical mechanisms of selenium exchange between water and sediments in two contrasting lentic environments. Environmental Science and Technology, 45, 2605-2612. dx.doi.org/10.1021/es103604p

Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., Filella, M. (2011) Human exposure to antimony. I. Sources and intake.  Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 41, 1309-1373. dx.doi.org/10.1080/10643381003608227

Yang, D.Y., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N. (2011) Evidences of non-reactive mercury selenium compounds generated from cultures of Pseudomonas fluorescens. Science of the Total Environment, 409, 1697-1703. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.01.030 

Zhao, Q.X., Chen, Y.-W., Montaut, S., Joly, H.A., Wang, M., Belzile, N. (2010) Synthesis, identification and analytical features of high purity trimethylselenonium iodide. Journal of Sulfur Chemistry, 31, 373-385. dx.doi.org/10.1080/17415993.2010.516435

Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N. (2010) High performance liquid chromatography coupled to atomic fluorescence spectrometry for the speciation of the hydride and chemical vapour-forming elements As, Se, Sb and Hg: A critical review. Analytica Chimica Acta, 671, 9-26. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2010.05.011

Zhao, Q.X., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N., Wang, M. (2010) Low volume microwave digestion and direct determination of selenium in biological samples by hydride generation-atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta, 665-123-128. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2010.03.040

Yang, D.Y., Ye, X., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N. (2010) Inverse relationships between selenium and mercury in tissues of young walleye (Stizosedion vitreum) from Canadian boreal lakes. Science of the Total Environment, 408, 1676-1683. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.11.049 

Schummer, M.L., Badzinski, S.S., Petrie, S.A., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile. N. (2010) Selenium accumulation in sea ducks wintering at Lake Ontario. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 58, 854-862. doi:10.1007/s00244-009-9370-3

Filella, M., Philippo, S., Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., Quentel, F. (2009) Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: A study on the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg.  Science of the Total Environment, 407, 6205-6216. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.08.027   

Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., Yang, D.Y., Truong, Y.T.H., Zhao, Q.X. (2009) Selenium bioaccumulation in freshwater organisms and antagonistic effect against mercury assimilation. Environmental Bioindicators, 4, 203-221. dx.doi.org/10.1080/15555270903143408  

Filella, M., Williams, P.A., Belzile, N. (2009) Antimony in the environment: knowns and unknowns.  Environmental Chemistry, 6, 95-105. doi:10.1071/EN09007

Polack, R., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N.  (2009) Behaviour of Sb(V) in the presence of dissolved sulfide under anoxic aqueous conditions. Chemical Geology, 262, 179-185. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2009.01.008

Chen, Y.-W., Truong, Y.T.H., Belzile, N.  (2009) Abiotic formation of elemental selenium and role of iron oxide surfaces. Chemosphere, 74, 1079-1084. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.10.043

Yang, D.Y., Chen, Y.-W., Truong, Y.T.H., Belzile, N.  (2009) Improvement of the reliability of methylmercury determination in environmental samples. Analytica Chimica Acta, 633, 157-164. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2008.10.045

Yang, D.Y., Chen, Y.-W. , Gunn, J.M., Belzile, N.  (2008) Selenium and mercury in organisms: interactions and mechanisms. Environmental Reviews, 16, 71-92. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2008.10.045

Belzile, N., Lang, C.Y., Chen, Y.-W., Wang, M. (2008) The competitive role of organic carbon and dissolved sulfide in controlling the distribution of mercury in freshwater lake sediments. Science of the Total Environment, 405, 226-238. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.06.034

Filella, M., Belzile, N., Lett, M.C. (2007) Antimony in the environment. A review focused on natural waters. III. Microbiota relevant interactions. Earth-Science Reviews, 80, 195-217. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2006.09.003

Chen, Y.-W., Li, L., D’Ulivo, A., Belzile, N. (2006) Extraction and determination of elemental selenium in sediments – A comparative study.  Analytica Chimica Acta, 577, 126-133. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2006.06.020

Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., Wu, G.J., Appanna, V. (2006) Detoxification of selenite and mercury by reduction and mutual protection in the assimilation of both elements by Pseudomonas fluorescens. Science of the Total Environment, 367, 704-714. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.03.008

Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., Gunn, J.M., Tong, J., Alarie, Y., Delonchamp, T., Lang, C.Y. (2006) The effect of selenium on mercury assimilation by freshwater organisms. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 63, 1-10. doi:10.1139/F05-202

Chen, Y.-W., Li, Y., Cai, M.-F., Belzile, N. (2006) Preventing oxidation of iron sulphide minerals by polyethylene polyamines. Minerals Engineering, 19, 19-27. doi:10.1016/j.mineng.2005.04.007

Lang, C.Y., Chen, Y.-W., Tong, J., Wang, M., Belzile, N. (2005) Determination of total mercury in porewater of lake sediments: control of interference from dissolved organic carbon and sulfide. Canadian Journal of Analytical Sciences and Spectroscopy, 50, 167-174.

Cai, M.-F., Chen, Y.-W., Dang, Z., Belzile, N. (2005) The passivation of pyrrhotite by surface coating. Chemosphere, 61, 659-667. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.03.032

Chen, Y.-W., Zhou, M.D., Tong, J., Belzile, N. (2005) Application of photochemical reactions in the speciation of selenium in natural waters by hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry.  Analytica Chimica Acta, 545, 142-148. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2005.02.079

Chen, Y.-W., Zhou, X.L., Tong, J., Belzile, N. (2005) Photochemical behavior of inorganic and organic selenium compounds in various aqueous solutions. Analytica Chimica Acta, 545, 149-157. doi:10.1016/j.aca.2005.03.033

Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., Li, Y., Cai, M.-F. (2004) A review on pyrrhotite oxidation. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 84, 65-76. doi:10.1016/j.gexplo.2004.03.003

Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., Gunn, J.M., Dixit, S.S. (2004) Sediment trace metal profiles in lakes of Killarney Park, Canada: from regional to continental influence. Environmental Pollution, 130, 239-248. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2003.12.003

Chen, Y.-W., Deng, T.L., Filella, M., Belzile, N.  (2003) Distribution and early diagenesis of antimony species in sediments and porewaters of freshwater lakes. Environmental Science and Technology, 37, 1163-1168. doi:10.1021/es025931k

Chen, Y.-W., Tong, J., D’Ulivo, A., Belzile, N.  (2002) Determination of mercury by continuous cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry using micromolar concentration of sodium tetrahydroborate as reductant solution.  Analyst, 127, 1541-1546. doi:10.1039/b207896a

Filella, M., Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W. (2002) Antimony in the environment. A review focused on natural waters. II. Relevant solution chemistry. Earth-Science Reviews, 59, 265-285. PII: S0012-8252(02)00089-2

Filella, M., Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W. (2002) Antimony in the environment. A review focused on natural waters. I. Occurrence. Earth-Science Reviews, 57, 125-176. PII: S0012-8252Ž01.00070-8

Wang, Z., Gao, Y.X., Belzile, N., (2001) Microwave digestion of environmental and natural waters for selenium speciation. Analytical Chemistry, 73, 4711-4716. doi:10.1021/ac010330h

Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N. Gunn, J.M. (2001) Antagonistic effect of selenium on mercury assimilation by fish populations near Sudbury metal smelters? Limnology and Oceanography, 46, 1814-1818. 2001 ASLO

Deng, T., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N. (2001) Antimony speciation at ultra-trace levels using hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry and 8-hydroxyquinoline as an efficient masking agent. Analytica Chimica Acta, 432, 297-306. PII: S0003-2670(00)01387-8

Deng, T., Liao, M., Wang, M., Chen, Y.-W., Belzile, N. (2001) Enhancement of gold extraction from the biooxidation residues in an acidic sodium sulphite - thiourea system. Minerals Engineering, 14, 263-268. 0892-6875(00)00181-3

Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., Wang, Z. (2001) Oxidation of Sb (III) by amorphous iron and manganese oxyhydroxides. Chemical Geology, 174, 379-387. PII: S0009-2541Ž00.00287-4

Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W., Xu, R. (2000) Early diagenetic behaviour of selenium in lake sediments. Applied Geochemistry, 15, 1439-1454. PII: S08 83-2927(00)00011-1

Joly, H.A., Li, H., Belzile, N. (2000) Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry of humic substances extracted from Canadian lake sediments. Canadian Journal of Chemistry, 78, 51-63. 

Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W. (1999) Analytical procedure for the determination of antimony (III) and total antimony in amorphous iron and manganese oxyhydroxides. Canadian Journal of Analytical Sciences and Spectroscopy, 44, 85-88.

Zhou, S., Belzile, N., Chen, Y.-W. (1998) Microwave digestion of fish tissues and determination of Cu, Se and Hg by atomic absorption spectrometry. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 72, 205-216. 

Chen, Y.-W., Joly, H.A., Belzile, N. (1997) Determination of elemental sulfur in environmental samples by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Chemical Geology, 137, 195-200. PII: 0009-2541(96)00163-5

Belzile, N., Maki, S., Chen, Y.-W., Goldsack, D. (1997) Inhibition of pyrite oxidation by surface treatment. The Science of the Total Environment, 196, 177-186. PII: 0048-9697(96)05410-1

Xu, R., Chen, Y.-W., Huang, J., Belzile, N. (1997)  Determination of selenium species in porewater and sediment samples by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography. Canadian Journal of Analytical Sciences and Spectroscopy, 42, 56-62.

Belzile, N., Chen, H., Huang, J., Chen, Y.-W. (1997) Determination of trace elements in lake waters by X-ray fluorescence after a precipitation pre-concentration. Canadian Journal of Analytical Sciences and Spectroscopy, 42, 49-56.

Belzile, N., Joly, H.A., Li, H. (1997) Characterization of humic substances extracted from Canadian lake sediments. Canadian Journal of Chemistry, 75, 14-27. 

Belzile, N., Pizarro, J., Filella, M., Buffle, J. (1996) Sediment diffusive fluxes of Fe, Mn, and P in a eutrophic lake: Contribution of lateral versus bottom sediments. Aquatic Sciences, 58, 327-354. 1015-1621/040327-28

Tessier, A., Fortin, D., Belzile, N., De Vitre, R.R., Leppard, G.G. (1996) Metal sorption to diagenetic Fe and Mn oxyhydroxides and associated organic matter: narrowing the gap between field and laboratory measurements. Geochimimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 60, 387-404. 0016-7037-96

Elwaer, N., Belzile, N. (1995) Microwave dissolution of lake sediments and mine tailings and determination of arsenic and selenium by atomic absorption spectrometry. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 61, 189-194.